The <body> tag has two attributes where you can specify backgrounds. the background can be a color or an image.
The bgcolor attribute specifies a background-color for an HTML page. The value of this attribute can be a hexadecimal number, an RGB value, or a color name:
< body bgcolor="#000000" >
<body bgcolor="rgb(0,0,0)" >
<body bgcolor="black" >
The lines above all set the background-color to black.
The background attribute can also specify a background-image for an HTML page. The value of this attribute is the URL of the image you want to use. If the image is smaller than the browser window, the image will repeat itself until it fills the entire browser window.
<body background="clouds.gif" >
<body background="http://profdevtrain.austincc.edu/html/graphics/clouds.gif" >
The URL can be relative (as in the first line above) or absolute (as in the second line above). If you want to use a background image, you should keep in mind:
- Will the background image increase the loading time too much?
- Will the background image look good with other images on the page?
- Will the background image look good with the text colors on the page?
- Will the background image look good when it is repeated on the page?
- Will the background image take away the focus from the text?
Try It Out!
Open your text editor and type the following text:
Example: HTML Background
<title>My First Webpage</title>
<body background="http://profdevtrain.austincc.edu/html/graphics/clouds.gif" bgcolor="#EDDD9E">
<h1 align="center">My First Webpage</h1>
<p>Welcome to my <strong>first</strong> webpage. I am writing this page using a text editor and plain old html.</p>
By learning html, I'll be able to create webpages like a <del>beginner</del> pro....<br>
which I am of course.
Save your page as mypage3.html and view it in your browser. To view how the page should look, visit this web page: http://profdevtrain.austincc.edu/html/mypage3.html Notice we gave our page a background color as well as a background image. If for some reason the web page is unable to find the picture, it will display our background color.