The width attribute can be used to define the width of your table. It can be defined as a fixed width or a relative width. A fixed table width is one where the width of the table is specified in pixels. For example, this code, <table width="550">, will produce a table that is 550 pixels wide. A relative table width is specified as a percentage of the width of the visitor's viewing window. Hence this code, <table width="80%">, will produce a table that occupies 80 percent of the screen.
There are arguments in favor of giving your tables a relative width because such table widths yield pages that work regardless of the visitor's screen resolution. For example, a table width of 100% will always span the entire width of the browser window whether the visitor has a 800x600 display or a 1024x768 display (etc). Your visitor never needs to scroll horizontally to read your page, something that is regarded by most people as being very annoying.
HTML Layout - Using Tables
| One very common practice with HTML, is to use HTML tables to format the layout of an HTML page. A part of this page is formatted with two columns. As you can see on this page, there is a left column and a right column. This text is displayed in the left column. || An HTML <table> is used to divide a part of this Web page into two columns. The trick is to use a table without borders, and maybe a little extra cell-padding. No matter how much text you add to this page, it will stay inside its column borders. |
Try It Out!
Let's put everything you've learned together to create a simple page. Open your text editor and type the following text:
Example: HTML TABLE
<title>My First Webpage</title>
<table width="90%" cellpadding="5" cellspacing="0">
<td width="200" valign="top"><img src="graphics/contact.gif" width="100" height="100"></td>
<td valign="top"><h1 align="right">Janet Doeson</h1>
<h3 align="right">Technical Specialist</h3></td>
<li> <a href="home.html"<Home>/a></li>
<li> <a href="faq.html">FAQ</a></li>
<li> <a href="contact.html">Contact</a></li>
<li> <a href="http://www.austincc.edu">Links</a> </li>
<td valign="top"><h2 align="center">Welcome!</h2>
<p>Welcome to my first webpage. I created this webpage without the assistance of a webpage editor. Just my little text editor and a keen understanding of html.</p>
<p>Look around. Notice I'm able to use paragraphs, lists and headings. You may not be able to tell, but the layout is done with a table. I'm very clever. </p>
<p>I always wanted to be somebody, but now I realize I should have been more specific.</p>
<cite>Lily Tomlin </cite> </blockquote> </td>
<hr width="90%" align="left">
<p>Contact me at <a href="mailto:email@example.com">firstname.lastname@example.org</a> </p>
Save your page as mytable2.html and view it in your browser. To see how your page should look visit this web page: http://profdevtrain.austincc.edu/html/mytable2.html